Nature and Divine Substance

Fred Dallmayr

in Return to Nature?

Published by University Press of Kentucky

Published in print January 2012 | ISBN: 9780813134338
Published online January 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780813135953 | DOI:
Nature and Divine Substance

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Benedict Spinoza's philosophy is thought of in conflicting ways. He is both Cartesian and anti-Cartesian, set between the dominant rationalist current and its countercurrent, a naive Romanticist and a Darwinian “naturalist.” However, the most important aspect of Spinoza's philosophy is when he splits from the Cartesian self and defines the self as part of an interconnected totality and part of nature. The formation of such a self-identity is analyzed as it developed and coalesced. Leibniz and Hegel were both deeply influenced by Spinoza, both by the concept of holism. Leibniz's definition differed slightly as he envisioned individual entities that were all correlated in a preestablished harmony. Hegel did not agree with the emphasis Spinoza placed on God and instead turned to distinct individuality.

Keywords: Spinoza; Hegel; Leibniz; holism; individuality; philosophy

Chapter.  9062 words. 

Subjects: Environment

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