Daniel F. Harrington

in Berlin on the Brink

Published by University Press of Kentucky

Published in print May 2012 | ISBN: 9780813136134
Published online September 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780813136837 | DOI:

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Chapter 2 describes the deterioration of Allied relations in Germany, 1945-48, the division of Germany, and the sources of Stalin’s willingness to blockade Berlin. These included the failure of the Potsdam system for Germany; disputes over reparations; the growing power of pro-Western political parties in Berlin; and the collapse of four-power cooperation, resulting in the failure of the 1947 London Council of Foreign Ministers meeting and the breakup of the Allied Control Council. It also describes Western initiatives—plans for a North Atlantic pact and a separate government in the Western occupation zones (the “London program”)—that Stalin believed he could thwart through pressure on Berlin.

Keywords: Allied Control Council; Council of Foreign Ministers; division of Germany; London program; Potsdam; reparations; willingness

Chapter.  9499 words. 

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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