Chapter

Searching for Peace

Michael F. Cairo

in The Gulf

Published by University Press of Kentucky

Published in print October 2012 | ISBN: 9780813136721
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780813141275 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5810/kentucky/9780813136721.003.0006
Searching for Peace

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Just as George H.W. Bush’s and George W. Bush’s worldviews impacted their decisions regarding war, these worldviews impacted their approach toward the Middle East peace process. It begins by illustrating how George H.W. Bush was initially reluctant to pursue peace in the Middle East, but later translated victory in the Persian Gulf War into a diplomatic process promoting Middle East peace. The chapter then turns to George W. Bush’s unwillingness to directly engage in the peace process. The chapter returns to the George H.W. Bush administration, discussing George H.W. Bush’s negotiations to ensure a peace conference between Israelis and Palestinians at Madrid, Spain. It concludes by examining the impact of George W. Bush’s neglect of the peace process. Throughout, the chapter focuses on the importance of personal relations. George H.W. Bush’s relationship with Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir proved to jump-start the peace process, since George H.W. Bush’s dislike of Shamir translated into his willingness to deal with the Israelis more sternly than his predecessors had. Likewise, George W. Bush’s relationship with Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon led him to support the Israeli policy, often unquestionably.

Keywords: Madrid Peace Process; Yitzhak Shamir; Ariel Sharon; Palestinian Authority; Israel; Yasser Arafat; Road Map for Peace; Mahmoud Abbas; Hamas

Chapter.  11020 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: US Politics

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