Chapter

The End of the Retreat Operations in the West and the Transition to Positional Warfare

Joachim Ludewig

in Rückzug

Published by University Press of Kentucky

Published in print September 2012 | ISBN: 9780813140797
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780813141305 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5810/kentucky/9780813140797.003.0013
The End of the Retreat Operations in the West and the Transition to Positional Warfare

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Chapter 12 describes the end of the German army’s movement east out of France and the counteroffensive opportunities that arose for the Germans. Hitler and the Wehrmacht High Command entertained plans for an offensive through the end of 1944, even though the various operations staffs in the west were fully occupied with preventing the defense line between Antwerp and Belfort from collapsing again. During the first ten-day period in September, while Operation Market-Garden was in its final planning phase, the Allied command believed that the Germans were on the brink of defeat, and there was hardly anything to indicate what force they might be capable of mustering to oppose the offensive. As a result, the Allies were taken by surprise by the speed and effectiveness of the German defensive reactions.

Keywords: Operation Market Garden; Counteroffensive; Retreat from France; Wallendorf; Positional warfare

Chapter.  10780 words. 

Subjects: Military History

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