Additional Military Organizations

Pesach Malovany, Amatzia Baram, Kevin M. Woods and Ronna Englesberg

in Wars of Modern Babylon

Published by University Press of Kentucky

Published in print June 2017 | ISBN: 9780813169439
Published online January 2018 | e-ISBN: 9780813169514 | DOI:
Additional Military Organizations

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This chapter deals with additional military or quasi-military forces outside the army that operated alongside the army in wartime. They included the Border Guard Forces, that fought in the war against Iran; the Popular Army, the militia of the Ba’ath party that supported the regular army during that war and the one in Kuwait (in 1991); the Kurdish forces, which fought alongside the Iraqi Army in Kurdistan, both against the Iranians and the Kurdish opposition organizations; and the Civil Defence Directorate, whose purpose was to aid the country’s citizens in defending themselves against wartime damage and natural disasters. It describes their background, organization and structure, their development, training, activities and participation it the different wars during the Ba’ath regime.

Keywords: The Border Guard Forces; The Popular Army (al-Jaysh al-Sha’abi in the original); The Kurdish forces; Civil defence; Ba’ath party; Ministry of the Interior; Ministry of Defence; Kurdish opposition organizations; Iraqi Army/Armed Forces

Chapter.  4884 words. 

Subjects: Military History

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