Tocharian and Indo-Iranian: relations between two linguistic areas

Georges-Jean Pinault

in Indo-Iranian Languages and Peoples

Published by British Academy

Published in print January 2003 | ISBN: 9780197262856
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780191753961 | DOI:

Series: Proceedings of the British Academy

Tocharian and Indo-Iranian: relations between two linguistic areas

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Since the beginning of Tocharian studies, the two languages of the ‘Tocharian’ group have interested Iranianists as well as Indologists because of the proximity of the sites where Tocharian manuscripts and those in Iranian languages, such as Khotanese and Sogdian, were discovered at the beginning of the twentieth century. In respect of the contents of the texts, which are almost all of Buddhist inspiration, Tocharian studies fall into the Indian sphere. This chapter focuses on lexical problems in Tocharian which need to be approached from the perspective of language contact, in order to exemplify the problems of research in this field.

Keywords: Tocharian; language contact; Indo-Iranian languages; lexical problems; Khotanese; Sogdian

Chapter.  21398 words. 

Subjects: Classical History

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