Introduction: Religion in the Cristero Revolt

Matthew Butler

in Popular Piety and Political Identity in Mexico's Cristero Rebellion

Published by British Academy

Published in print June 2004 | ISBN: 9780197262986
Published online February 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191734656 | DOI:

Series: British Academy Postdoctoral Fellowship Monographs

Introduction: Religion in the Cristero Revolt

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This chapter explains the coverage of this book, which is about the Cristero Revolt in Michoacán, Mexico from 1926 to 1929. It traces the origin of the revolt from the President Plutarco Elías Calles' strict enforcement of the anticlerical provisions of Mexico's 1917 revolutionary constitution. It contends that though popular religious cultures in Michoacán were socially constructed, it did not follow that they were empty, merely instrumental, constructs. It argues that popular groups in the 1920s created multi-layered identities and reshaped not only their political ideas but also their religious beliefs and practices as they alternatively accommodated or resisted the post-revolutionary state.

Keywords: Cristero Revolt; Michoacán; Mexico; Plutarco Elías Calles; revolutionary constitution; anticlerical provisions; religious cultures; political ideas; religious beliefs; post-revolutionary state

Chapter.  6337 words. 

Subjects: History of the Americas

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