Sowing New Seeds, Ploughing Old Furrows: Agrarismo, 1915–29

Matthew Butler

in Popular Piety and Political Identity in Mexico's Cristero Rebellion

Published by British Academy

Published in print June 2004 | ISBN: 9780197262986
Published online February 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191734656 | DOI:

Series: British Academy Postdoctoral Fellowship Monographs

Sowing New Seeds, Ploughing Old Furrows: Agrarismo, 1915–29

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This chapter examines the history of agrarian revolts in Michoacán, Mexico during the period from 1915 to 1919. It explains that after Emiliano Zapata's famous 1911 revolt, agrarian revolts plagued the north-west portion of Michoacán where many people initially associated land reform with church-burning villistas and zapatistas. It suggests that the success of agrarismo depended largely on the extent to which the defining elements of local culture could be revolutionized in response to new political opportunities. It also discusses the influence the agrarian revolts on the rise of anticlericalism.

Keywords: agrarian revolts; Michoacán; Mexico; Emiliano Zapata; villistas; zapatistas; agrarismo; local culture; political opportunities; anticlericalism

Chapter.  13291 words. 

Subjects: History of the Americas

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