Entrapment in Unemployment: Motivational Deficiency or Structural Constraint?

Duncan Gallie

in Understanding Social Change

Published by British Academy

Published in print February 2005 | ISBN: 9780197263143
Published online February 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191734939 | DOI:

Series: British Academy Centenary Monographs

Entrapment in Unemployment: Motivational Deficiency or Structural Constraint?

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This chapter explains the processes that lead people to become vulnerable to labour market marginalisation through unemployment. It first focuses on incentives to work and suggests that unemployment is the result of a motivational deficit, which is linked to a system of welfare benefits that reduces the value that people attach to work. It then discusses social exclusion, which suggests that once people become unemployed, they are caught in a vicious circle of poverty and social isolation that in turn sharply reduce their opportunities for employment. Finally, it looks at the argument that the critical factor is related to the changing patterns of skills in advanced societies and the nature of the training provision for the updating and modification of skills.

Keywords: labour market; unemployment; social exclusion; poverty; social isolation

Chapter.  8228 words. 

Subjects: Social Research and Statistics

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