Chapter

Galen, Christians, logic

Jonathan Barnes

in Classics in Progress

Published by British Academy

Published in print January 2006 | ISBN: 9780197263235
Published online February 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191734328 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5871/bacad/9780197263235.003.0016

Series: British Academy Centenary Monographs

Galen, Christians, logic

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The three subjects — Galen, Christians, and logic — have two things in common. First, they are major aspects of the ancient world: Galen was one of the three most influential scientists of antiquity (alongside Aristotle and Ptolemy): the Christians eventually kidnapped the Empire; and logic is one of the few ancient sciences which is not entirely out of date. Second, they are of marginal interest to classical scholarship. Galen has his votaries; but there is too much of him, and his case exemplifies one of the iron laws of philology: the more of an author survives, the less he is read. The Christians were yet more voluminous. As for logic, it has rarely been loved. Galen was dissatisfied with the bipartite discipline of logic, so he invented what he termed ‘a third class of syllogism’, the class of relational arguments.

Keywords: Christianity; Galen; logic; categorical syllogism; relational arguments

Chapter.  8369 words. 

Subjects: Classical Literature

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