Chapter

The Development of the Imperial Russian Army up to the Early Reign of Nicholas I: Organization, Doctrine, and Politics

Alexander Bitis

in Russia and the Eastern Question

Published by British Academy

Published in print November 2006 | ISBN: 9780197263273
Published online February 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191734700 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5871/bacad/9780197263273.003.0003

Series: British Academy Postdoctoral Fellowship Monographs

The Development of the Imperial Russian Army up to the Early Reign of Nicholas I: Organization, Doctrine, and Politics

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This chapter covers the developments prior to 1801, the Imperial Army during the reign of Alexander I, the origins and programmes of the revolutionary ‘military intelligentsia’ from 1815 to 1825; the Caucasus Corps and the Second Army during 1816 to 1825; the character and policy of Nicholas I and the struggle against the ‘Russian Party’. The regime's belief in the existence of a Russian party certainly aids in understanding tsarist Eastern policy under Nicholas. On one hand, the regime attempted to defuse nationalist passions by presenting the war as a dispute between two courts. Alternatively, the domestic benefits of a forward Eastern policy were well understood. By leading his troops to a short and glorious war, Nicholas could enhance his image and deliver a public rebuke to Metternich.

Keywords: Alexander I; Russian Army; military intelligentsia; Caucasus Corps; Second Army

Chapter.  30867 words. 

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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