Conclusions: Crimea and Beyond

Alexander Bitis

in Russia and the Eastern Question

Published by British Academy

Published in print November 2006 | ISBN: 9780197263273
Published online February 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191734700 | DOI:

Series: British Academy Postdoctoral Fellowship Monographs

Conclusions: Crimea and Beyond

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  • Modern History (1700 to 1945)


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The Eastern crisis of the 1820s, the war of 1828–9, and the Russo-Turkish treaties of 1829 and 1833 collectively constituted the most decisive blows ever delivered to the Ottoman Empire by Russia. The confidence that Russian forces would win all major tactical encounters against an ‘Asiatic’ semi-regular enemy influenced the Russian strategists of the 1820s. Yet, the lingering feeling that Russia stretched the rules of the game in 1829 and the conviction that it overturned them by the terms of Unkiar-Skelessi in 1833 were to have crucial long-term significance for the Eastern Question. Nicholas was content to engage in brinkmanship and a succession of incidents and developments appeared to have set Russia and Britain on an inevitable collision course. After Nicholas, Catherine's dreams and the sense of Russia's historical destiny in the East would now continue to live on in the popular imagination.

Keywords: Crimean War; Russia; Ottoman Empire; Russo-Turkish treaties; Nicholas; Catherine the Great

Chapter.  3039 words. 

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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