Taking Stock: Scotland at the End of the Seventeenth Century

Christopher A. Whatley

in Anglo-Scottish Relations from 1603 to 1900

Published by British Academy

Published in print December 2005 | ISBN: 9780197263303
Published online February 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191734137 | DOI:

Series: Proceedings of the British Academy

Taking Stock: Scotland at the End of the Seventeenth Century

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This chapter provides a summary of the straits in which Scotland found itself in the opening years of the eighteenth century. It also presents the strengths and weaknesses of Scotland's economic position around the beginning of the reign of Queen Anne. It concludes by drawing some connections between economic conditions and the incorporating union. It is intended to argue that by the end of the century the achievements of the previous eight or nine decades in Scotland were being undermined by the country's losing struggle to maintain its position as a credible political entity. The consequences of the deeply troubled circumstances in which the Scots found themselves at the start of the reign of Queen Anne were profound. The Scots had to surrender their parliamentary independence, but not all that they valued as distinctively Scottish institutions and culture, and accede to the British incorporating union.

Keywords: Queen Anne; parliamentary independence; Scottish institutions; economic conditions; Scottish culture; British incorporating union

Chapter.  11218 words. 

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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