The Communists and the Serb Rebellion, <i>c.</i> April–September 1941

Marko Attila Hoare

in Genocide and Resistance in Hitler’s Bosnia

Published by British Academy

Published in print December 2006 | ISBN: 9780197263808
Published online February 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191734458 | DOI:

Series: British Academy Postdoctoral Fellowship Monographs

The Communists and the Serb Rebellion, c. April–September 1941

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The Partisan movement in Bosnia-Hercegovina was the product both of long-term socio-economic developments at home and of the short-term ‘accident’ of foreign invasion and occupation; it involved the merger of a traditional Serb-peasant uprising and a modern urban-revolutionary movement; and it represented both a characteristic chapter and a turning-point in modern Bosnian history. The Axis powers of Germany and Italy, by destroying the Yugoslav kingdom, changed the course of Bosnian history. Their installation in power of the Ustasha regime, and the latter's genocide of the Serb population of Croatia and Bosnia-Hercegovina, unleashed a resistance movement that would take shape as the Partisans. Yet the Partisans were not simply an armed response to the new order, but a revolutionary movement of a specifically Bosnian kind.

Keywords: Partisans; Bosnia-Hercegovina; Serbs; Axis powers; Ustasha regime; genocide; Croatia; revolutionary movement; foreign occupation

Chapter.  35977 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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