Chapter

Bosnia-Hercegovina Defeats Great Serbia, <i>c.</i> June 1942–October 1943

Marko Attila Hoare

in Genocide and Resistance in Hitler’s Bosnia

Published by British Academy

Published in print December 2006 | ISBN: 9780197263808
Published online February 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191734458 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5871/bacad/9780197263808.003.0007

Series: British Academy Postdoctoral Fellowship Monographs

Bosnia-Hercegovina Defeats Great Serbia, c. June 1942–October 1943

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Bosnia-Hercegovina was by mid-1942 effectively a patchwork of small fiefdoms. The Ustasha-held towns were islands in a hostile sea. Rebel Bosnia-Hercegovina was a world partitioned, militarily and geographically, between two antithetical movements: the Chetniks and the Partisans. Rural localities were held by Partisans, Chetniks or Muslim militias whose spheres of influence ebbed and flowed. In eastern Bosnia-Hercegovina, the Chetniks were triumphant, their Great Serb ‘state’ appearing to be born, based on their nationally and religiously exclusive, patriarchal and traditionalist rural values. In western Bosnia-Hercegovina, however, the cosmopolitan, internationalist, and modernist Communists, children of the towns, ruled a parallel ‘state’, the mass of whose peasant foot-soldiers were no different from those of its Chetnik counterpart, but whose governing ethos made it the polar opposite of the latter. As each movement consolidated its rule in its ‘own’ part of Bosnia-Hercegovina, the stage was set for a showdown between them that, at one level, represented the clash between modernist and traditionalist political values, and at another between the Bosnian and the Great Serb ideals.

Keywords: Ustasha; fiefdoms; Chetniks; Partusans; Serbs

Chapter.  26303 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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