Bactria, Land of a Thousand Cities


in After Alexander: Central Asia before Islam

Published by British Academy

Published in print July 2007 | ISBN: 9780197263846
Published online February 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191734113 | DOI:

Series: Proceedings of the British Academy

Bactria, Land of a Thousand Cities

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This chapter examines the history of the establishment of cities in Bactria. It explains that the creation of cities in Bactria is represented by Ai Khanum for the Hellenistic period and Termez for the Great Kushans. These two exceptional cities were deliberately created to integrate an ancient centre and they assumed the role of capital for a new age. The chapter suggests that their establishment was significantly influenced by political power and that they negatively affected other towns.

Keywords: cities; Bactria; Ai Khanum; Termez; political power; towns; Hellenistic period; Great Kushans

Chapter.  16896 words. 

Subjects: Classical History

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