Chapter

Egypt in the Graeco–Roman World: from Ptolemaic Kingdom to Roman Province

Alan K. Bowman

in Regime Change in the Ancient Near East and Egypt

Published by British Academy

Published in print April 2007 | ISBN: 9780197263907
Published online February 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191734687 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5871/bacad/9780197263907.003.0010

Series: Proceedings of the British Academy

Egypt in the Graeco–Roman World: from Ptolemaic Kingdom to Roman Province

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This chapter examines the changes in Egypt in the Graeco-Roman world during the Hellenistic and Roman periods following the death of Alexander the Great. It explains that these periods highlight episodes of military aggression, conquest, and annexation during the struggles of the Successors of Alexander and the Roman takeover of the Hellenistic kingdoms. The analysis of the changes in the role of the elites, the exploitation of the material resources, and the character of the military presence reveal that they are all expressions of the ways in which the coming of Roman rule brought change to Egypt and their effect was cumulative and which had begun before Egypt was annexed and made into a Roman province.

Keywords: Egypt; Graeco-Roman world; Hellenistic period; Roman period; Alexander the Great; military aggression; elites; material resources; Roman rule

Chapter.  8633 words. 

Subjects: Classical History

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