The German Advisers in Slovakia, 1939–1945: Conflict or Co-operation?

Tatjana Tönsmeyer

in Czechoslovakia in a Nationalist and Fascist Europe, 1918–1948

Published by British Academy

Published in print June 2007 | ISBN: 9780197263914
Published online February 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191734359 | DOI:

Series: Proceedings of the British Academy

The German Advisers in Slovakia, 1939–1945: Conflict or Co-operation?

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  • Modern History (1700 to 1945)


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Just days after the Slovak state was created, it signed with Nazi Germany a ‘treaty of protection’ and a protocol on co-operation in financial and economic matters. As a result of these measures, Slovakia would be labelled a German vassal state and the government a puppet regime. This chapter examines the nature of the wartime Slovak state and reconsiders the concept of a puppet regime and a native version of fascism (so-called ‘clerical fascism’). It examines the ways in which Germany tried to influence the Slovak government, who the German protagonists were, and how and according to what guidelines Slovak politicians reacted to these manoeuvres. It first outlines how Slovak nationalists demanded autonomy during the later years of the First Czechoslovak Republic, and then assesses the Slovak-German relations from March 1939 to the summer of 1940. By this time, the German minister of foreign affairs, Joachim von Ribbentrop, had labelled the Slovak case an example of ‘revolutionary foreign politics’.

Keywords: Slovakia; Nazi Germany; politics; autonomy; Joachim von Ribbentrop; nationalists; clerical fascism; First Czechoslovak Republic

Chapter.  7805 words. 

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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