Chapter

Marxist Historiography Today

Eric Hobsbawm

in Marxist History-writing for the Twenty-first Century

Published by British Academy

Published in print June 2007 | ISBN: 9780197264034
Published online February 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191734601 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5871/bacad/9780197264034.003.0008

Series: British Academy Occasional Papers

Marxist Historiography Today

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This chapter discusses Marxist historiography in the present times. In the interpretation of the world nowadays, there has been a rise in the so-called anti-Rankean reaction in history, of which Marxism is an important but not always fully acknowledged element. This movement challenged the positivist belief that the objective structure of reality was self-explanatory, and that all that was needed was to apply the methodology of science to it and explain why things happened the way they did. This movement also brought together history with the social sciences, therefore turning it into part of a generalizing discipline capable of explaining transformations of human society in the course of its past. This new perspective on the past is a return to ‘total history’, in which the focus is not merely on the ‘history of everything’ but history as an indivisible web wherein all human activities are interconnected.

Keywords: Marxist historiography; anti-Rankean reaction; history; Marxism; social sciences; total history

Chapter.  3227 words. 

Subjects: Methods and Historiography

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