Chapter

The Main Results of the Excavations at Olbia in the Past Three Decades

S. D. KRYZHITSKIY

in Classical Olbia and the Scythian World

Published by British Academy

Published in print November 2007 | ISBN: 9780197264041
Published online February 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191734311 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5871/bacad/9780197264041.003.0002

Series: Proceedings of the British Academy

The Main Results of the Excavations at Olbia in the Past Three Decades

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In the 1790s, the location of Olbia was established, and since 1901 systematic excavations have been made by three successive generations of scholars. The first of these scholars was Pharmakovskiy and his school in 1901–1926. The second scholars to make excavations in Olbia were under the leadership of Slavin, Levi and Karasev. The third generation who took over the excavations from 1972 was headed by Kryzhitskiy from 1972–1995 and Krapivina from 1995. This chapter focuses on the contributions made by the third generation of scholars that made excavations in the Olbia region. The excavations made in this period were governed by three aims: the study of the historico-archaelogical stratigraphy and topography of cultural levels in the various parts of the city including the underwater area beneath the Bug estuary; an emphasis on the least-studied phases of the city's existence, particularly the cultural levels of the archaic period and the early centuries AD; and the rescue and conservation of the coastal portion of the city. The excavations generated important results such as the discovery of the temenos wall, altars, the temple of Apollo Ietros, Hellenistic period citadels and dwellings, and defensive walls belonging to the fifth century. In addition to these excavations and discoveries, the teams headed by Kryzhitskiy and Krapivina made extensive studies on the lower Bug estuary and Olbia's chora.

Keywords: Olbia; systematic excavations; Pharmakovskiy; Slavin; Levi; historico-archaelogical stratigraphy; historico-archaelogical topography; Bug estuary; cultural levels; archaic period

Chapter.  1811 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Greek and Roman Archaeology

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