Roman Military Units in Olbia


in Classical Olbia and the Scythian World

Published by British Academy

Published in print November 2007 | ISBN: 9780197264041
Published online February 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191734311 | DOI:

Series: Proceedings of the British Academy

Roman Military Units in Olbia

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Around the middle of the first century, Olbia was under siege from the Getae. It was either destroyed or abandoned shortly before its destruction. It was only inhabited at the turn of the first century AD. It is assumed that Roman interest over Olbia only started after the middle of the first century. This chapter discusses the existence of Roman military units in Olbia during the years AD 106–111. These military units were believed to be present in Olbia to protect the city from barbarian intrusion. This assumption is established by the existence of inscribed grave-monuments and epitaphs belonging to Athenocles, and the Bosporans: indications of the attempts of the Rome to maintain its political strength and to defend the city from barbarians. Accordingly, after the collapse of the Olbian-Samartian alliance, the Roman Empire provided occasional military aid to Olbian during the reigns of Trajan and Hadrian. Other evidences that provide proof of the dependence of Olbia to the military aid given by the Roman military units are the presence of a Roman legionary garrison in Olbia including Thracian dedicatory reliefs.

Keywords: Olbia; Getae; Roman interest; Roman military units; military units; inscribed grave-monuments; epitaphs; Athenocles; Bosporans; Olbian-Samartian alliance

Chapter.  2396 words. 

Subjects: Greek and Roman Archaeology

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