Chapter

Giuseppe Mazzini in Britain and Italy: Divergent Legacies, 1837–1915

Christopher Duggan

in Giuseppe Mazzini and the Globalization of Democratic Nationalism, 1830-1920

Published by British Academy

Published in print September 2008 | ISBN: 9780197264317
Published online February 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191734472 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5871/bacad/9780197264317.003.0011

Series: Proceedings of the British Academy

Giuseppe Mazzini in Britain and Italy: Divergent Legacies, 1837–1915

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This chapter examines how Mazzini's exile in England, and his adoption by sections of the British radical movement, led to the more illiberal aspects of his thought, especially in connection to the nation, being overlooked. This is one important reason why Mazzini has often been hard to situate on the European political map. Whilst British radicals accentuated the progressive and democratic elements of Mazzini's political and social thought, and overlooked many ideas that they did not find congenial, in Italy it was his illiberal fusion of religion and politics as an instrument for creating a new unified Italy that arguably had a more enduring legacy. The chapter looks at how Mazzini's influence in Italy dwindled in the face of socialism in the years immediately following his death in 1872, but underwent a major revival after the turn of the century with the emergence of nationalism.

Keywords: exile; British radical movement; nation; religion; politics; socialism; nationalism

Chapter.  9715 words. 

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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