Chapter

Esteban Echeverría’s Critique of Universal Suffrage: The Traumatic Development of Democracy in Argentina, 1821–52

Klaus Gallo

in Giuseppe Mazzini and the Globalization of Democratic Nationalism, 1830-1920

Published by British Academy

Published in print September 2008 | ISBN: 9780197264317
Published online February 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191734472 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5871/bacad/9780197264317.003.0015

Series: Proceedings of the British Academy

Esteban Echeverría’s Critique of Universal Suffrage: The Traumatic Development of Democracy in Argentina, 1821–52

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Mazzini's Young Italy had a notable influence on the dissident youth of the River Plate region; one of their intellectual leaders, Esteban Echeverría (1805–51) – Romantic poet, socialist utopian, pioneer of Argentina's ‘Generation of 37’, and author of Dogma socialista – proclaimed a Young Argentina, as he firmly believed that it was necessary to establish Mazzinian-style associations to help reformulate the direction of political and literary culture in both Argentina and Uruguay. Both these nations were in those years suffering the consequences of the dictatorial regimes of Juan Manuel de Rosas and Manuel Oribe, respectively, which would later be confronted by Garibaldi and other European legionaries who had crossed the Atlantic to assist the local adversaries of these two governments. This chapter focuses on certain aspects of Echeverría's democratic thought, and particularly the criticism he directed towards the law of universal male suffrage decreed by the government of Buenos Aires in 1821 when he was a youngster. He claimed that this decree had been largely responsible for the rise to power in Buenos Aires of Rosas (in power 1829–32 and 1835–52), which he and other prominent members of Generation of 37 fiercely opposed.

Keywords: Young Italy; democratic thought; universal male suffrage; Rosas; Generation of 37

Chapter.  5313 words. 

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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