The Ottoman Conquest of Arabia and the Syrian Hajj Route


in The Frontiers of the Ottoman World

Published by British Academy

Published in print December 2009 | ISBN: 9780197264423
Published online February 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191734793 | DOI:

Series: Proceedings of the British Academy

The Ottoman Conquest of Arabia and the Syrian Hajj Route

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This chapter discusses the Ottoman presence in Arabia, from the initial conquests in the sixteenth century up to the end of the eighteenth century, before the French invasion of Egypt followed by the rise of Mehmed Ali Pasha fundamentally changed the balance of power in the region. In particular, it focuses on the evolution of the Syrian hajj route and compares it to wider developments elsewhere in the Arabian Peninsula. The first part of the chapter focuses on the expansion and contraction of Ottoman rule in Arabia. The second part focuses on the Hijaz and the fortification of the hajj route linking it to Mecca.

Keywords: Ottoman Empire; Arabia; Mehmed Ali Pasha; Syrian hajj; Arabian Peninsula; Hijaz

Chapter.  4501 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Asian History

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