Ottoman Attempts to Control the Adriatic Frontier in the Napoleonic Wars


in The Frontiers of the Ottoman World

Published by British Academy

Published in print December 2009 | ISBN: 9780197264423
Published online February 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191734793 | DOI:

Series: Proceedings of the British Academy

Ottoman Attempts to Control the Adriatic Frontier in the Napoleonic Wars

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This chapter attempts to analyse the shift in the Adriatic policy of the Ottoman Empire in the Napoleonic period. The focus is on the formation of the Republic of the Seven United Islands — the Ionian islands of Corfu, Paxos, Leucada, Cephalonia, Ithaca, Zante and Cythera — through active Ottoman and Russian intervention. Ottoman-Russian quarrels over the status of the Republic as well as the conflict between imperial realities versus local interests are integral to the understanding of the delicacies of running the Adriatic frontier in the Napoleonic period. When the Russo-Ottoman alliance shattered and the Ionian Islands were abandoned to the French together with the four coastal towns, the Ottomans once again resorted to the good old policy of cautious diplomacy; that is to say, the provisioning of the occupying force in Corfu.

Keywords: Ottoman Empire; Napoleonic period; Republic of the Seven United Islands; Russian intervention; Ottoman-Russian quarrels; Adriatic frontier; France; Ionian islands

Chapter.  8306 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Asian History

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