The Axis Factor: Fascist Overtures

Jennifer M. Dueck

in The Claims of Culture at Empire's End

Published by British Academy

Published in print March 2010 | ISBN: 9780197264478
Published online February 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191734779 | DOI:

Series: British Academy Postdoctoral Fellowship Monographs

The Axis Factor: Fascist Overtures

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This chapter focuses on the Italian and German presence in the Levant in the pre-war period. It examines how German and Italian cultural activities became a forum in which links were forged and fashioned between French, foreign, and local cultural players. After providing an overview of German and Italian interests in the Middle East, the Italian and German networks are dealt with individually. Although Italy and Germany shared the desire to diminish Franco–British influence in the Middle East, they both faced obstacles to implementing a programme of active penetration. As political or military avenues of agitation were not feasible, cultural projects took on greater significance than would otherwise have been the case. Both nations wanted to encourage anti-French agitation without provoking direct international confrontation or appearing politically power-hungry in the eyes of the local population.

Keywords: Italy; Germany; Middle East; France; Britain; Levant; cultural activities

Chapter.  11015 words. 

Subjects: Asian History

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