The Refugee Factor in Two Protracted Conflicts: Cyprus and Palestine Compared

Peter Loizos and Tobias Kelly

in Dispossession and Displacement

Published by British Academy

Published in print August 2010 | ISBN: 9780197264591
Published online February 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191734397 | DOI:

Series: British Academy Occasional Papers

The Refugee Factor in Two Protracted Conflicts: Cyprus and Palestine Compared

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In the early years of the twenty-first century, two peace processes that were deemed promising came to a halt. In Cyprus, the Annan Plan was rejected by the majority of Greek-Cypriots and in Israel/Palestine, the Oslo Peace Process collapsed in the second intifada. This chapter provides a comparative exploration of the roles the refugees played as individuals and as groups in the eventual failure of various peace processes as well as the political issues that have contributed to such failure. It focuses on the Greek-Cypriot refugees and the Palestinian refugees as the treatment of the rights of these groups of refugees were deemed the most controversial issue in the peace processes. In this chapter, the historical conditions, legal statuses, access to political representations and the geopolitical factors that have influenced the manner with which the conflict and refugees are dealt with are explored and examined. The various sections of the chapter are devoted to the rationale behind the failure of the Annan Plan and the Oslo Peace Process and the role of the refugees in this failure. The chapter concludes with some suggestions about the implications of refugee issues in order to settle long-term conflict.

Keywords: peace processes; Cyprus; Annan Plan; Israel/Palestine; Oslo Peace Process; failure of peace processes; Greek-Cypriot refugees; Palestinian refugees; historical conditions; legal statuses

Chapter.  8236 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Migration Studies

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