Failing One’s Obligations: Defectiveness in Rumantsch Reflexes<sup>*</sup> of DĒBĒRE

Stephen R. Anderson

in Defective Paradigms

Published by British Academy

Published in print May 2010 | ISBN: 9780197264607
Published online February 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191734366 | DOI:

Series: Proceedings of the British Academy

Failing One’s Obligations: Defectiveness in Rumantsch Reflexes* of DĒBĒRE

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This chapter examines the Surmiran dialect which is a form of Swiss Rumantsch. Surmiran is a Romance language which is one of the spoken languages in the canton of Graubünden in Switzerland. The emphasis of this chapter is on a single verb which lacks many of the forms other verbs possess, hence forcing the speakers to use a distinct, but almost synonymous verb as an alternative. Treated within a broader context, the verb dueir in Sumiran which is a Latin reflex of the dēbēre, provides an opportunity to evaluate how gaps should be treated within the context of Optimal Theory. This defectiveness in the Surmiran dueir was a result of the morphologization of the vowel alternations of the Swiss Rumantsch.

Keywords: Surmiran dialect; Swiss Rumantsch; Surmiran; Romance language; dueir; morphologization; vowel alternations

Chapter.  6052 words. 

Subjects: Grammar, Syntax and Morphology

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