The British Industrial Revolution in Global Perspective

Robert C. Allen

in Proceedings of the British Academy Volume 167, 2009 Lectures

Published by British Academy

Published in print June 2011 | ISBN: 9780197264775
Published online February 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191734984 | DOI:

Series: Proceedings of the British Academy

The British Industrial Revolution in Global Perspective

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This chapter presents the text of a lecture on the Industrial Revolution in Great Britain given at the British Academy's 2009 Keynes Lecture in Economics. This text suggests that the Industrial Revolution was Britain's response to the global economy that emerged after 1500 and that Britain's success in world trade resulted in one of the most urbanised economies in Europe with unusually high wages and cheap energy prices. The text here also highlights the contribution of Britain in the invention of the steam engine and the cotton spinning machines and in scientific discoveries relating to atmospheric pressure.

Keywords: Industrial Revolution; Great Britain; global economy; world trade; urbanised economies; high wages; energy prices; steam engine; cotton spinning machines; atmospheric pressure

Chapter.  7911 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Social and Cultural History

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