Professionalisation, new social movements and voluntary action in the 1960s and 1970s

Virginia Berridge and Alex Mold

in The Ages of Voluntarism

Published by British Academy

Published in print August 2011 | ISBN: 9780197264829
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780191754036 | DOI:

Series: British Academy Original Paperbacks

Professionalisation, new social movements and voluntary action in the 1960s and 1970s

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  • Modern History (1700 to 1945)


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This chapter explores the heightened professionalism of the voluntary sector as it adapted to the emergence of a new form of activist, as a way of analysing the utility of different methodological approaches. Using the case-study of voluntary action around smoking and illegal drugs, it demonstrates that the distinctions between old and new politics, between insider and outsider groups, simply ‘melt away’ when closely examined. Instead, the chapter pays attention on the ‘in between spaces’ of the oppositional models, where organisations merged counter-cultural presentation and thought with more traditional pressure-group and service-provision activity, and combined policy challenge with partnership-working, a balancing act enabled by a surprisingly permissive statutory funding regime.

Keywords: voluntary sector; professionalisation; social movements; smoking; illegal drugs; insider groups; outsider groups; pressure groups; counter-culture

Chapter.  8676 words. 

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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