Chapter

Spatial Analyses of Obesity and Poverty

Adam Drewnowski

in Insecurity, Inequality, and Obesity in Affluent Societies

Published by British Academy

Published in print April 2012 | ISBN: 9780197264980
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780191754135 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5871/bacad/9780197264980.003.0005

Series: Proceedings of the British Academy

Spatial Analyses of Obesity and Poverty

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Obesity in the United States is a socio-economic issue. Recent advances in geographic information system methodology can provide a better understanding of the impact of neighbourhood deprivation on access to healthy foods, diet quality and selected health outcomes. Whereas state-level Centers for Disease Control maps are still best known, newer approaches have mapped obesity at different levels of geographic aggregation: county, political district, zip code or census tract. This chapter examines data from the new Seattle Obesity Study, which permits the mapping of dietary behaviours and health outcomes at the property parcel tax level – the finest level of geographic resolution possible. Analysis suggests that food-consumption patterns also show a spatial distribution, broadly following the geographic distribution of wealth and social class.

Keywords: obesity; geographic analysis; Seattle Obesity Study; food-consumption patterns; spatial distribution; wealth; social class

Chapter.  7137 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Health, Illness, and Medicine

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