Chapter

On the Origins of Social Complexity in the Central Andes and Possible Linguistic Correlations

PETER KAULICKE

in Archaeology and Language in the Andes

Published by British Academy

Published in print May 2012 | ISBN: 9780197265031
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780191754142 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5871/bacad/9780197265031.003.0005

Series: Proceedings of the British Academy

On the Origins of Social Complexity in the Central Andes and Possible Linguistic Correlations

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This chapter tackles a number of problems surrounding the emergence and formation of complex societies in the central Andes, principally on the north and central coasts of Peru and their adjacent highlands. While chronology itself will form part of the discussion, there is general agreement in envisaging this process as taking place over a period of some three millennia between c.3000 bc and the beginning of our era. The focus here is on the earlier part of this ‘block’ of time, namely from before 3000 bc to c.1000 bc, or in chronological terms from the Middle Archaic to Middle Formative. The factors that lead to complexity include important changes in social structure and economic systems, but also probable movements and concentrations of populations, against a linguistic background taken into account despite the obvious difficulties in defining it at these time-depths.

Keywords: complex societies; central Andes; Middle Archaic; Middle Formative; social structure; economic systems

Chapter.  10103 words. 

Subjects: Ancient History (Non-Classical, to 500 CE)

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