Chapter

<i>Indigenato</i> Before Race? Some Proposals on Portuguese Forced Labour Law in Mozambique and the African Empire (1926–62)

MICHEL CAHEN

in Racism and Ethnic Relations in the Portuguese-Speaking World

Published by British Academy

Published in print August 2012 | ISBN: 9780197265246
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780191754197 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5871/bacad/9780197265246.003.0009

Series: Proceedings of the British Academy

Indigenato Before Race? Some Proposals on Portuguese Forced Labour Law in Mozambique and the African Empire (1926–62)

More Like This

Show all results sharing this subject:

  • Colonialism and Imperialism

GO

Show Summary Details

Preview

Was blackness the key factor for labelling native people as ‘non-civilised’ and thus to be pushed into forced labour in Portuguese Africa? Without denying the importance of blackness as a stigmatising tool, this chapter argues, through a careful analysis of colonial law and practice, that the production of ‘nativeness’ was related to clear consciousness of Africans living outside the capitalist economy and social sphere. This helps us to understand that emerging forced labour represented not a smooth transition from slavery, but a rupture between two colonial ages and modes of production. Therefore, if colonial racism obviously used skin colour to construct a social bar, above all it used the definition of otherness as external to the capitalist sphere. Petty whites and natives could live side by side in suburban neighbourhoods, but in two impermeable spheres. Racism was pervasively present, but it was more social than racial.

Keywords: creole; deferred payment; forced labour; indigenato; mode of production; nativeness; petty white; slavery; racism; social racism

Chapter.  11318 words. 

Subjects: Colonialism and Imperialism

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Buy this work at British Academy »

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.