The ‘Civilisation Guild’: Race and Labour in the Third Portuguese Empire, <i>c</i>. 1870–1930


in Racism and Ethnic Relations in the Portuguese-Speaking World

Published by British Academy

Published in print August 2012 | ISBN: 9780197265246
Published online January 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780191754197 | DOI:

Series: Proceedings of the British Academy

The ‘Civilisation Guild’: Race and Labour in the Third Portuguese Empire, c. 1870–1930

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  • Colonialism and Imperialism


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This chapter examines the continuity and the resilience of slavery and other modes of forced or compulsory labour in the Portuguese colonial empire in Africa from the late nineteenth century. Addressing the major transformations of the political and moral economy of the ‘new Brazil’, it demonstrates how longstanding racial ideologies were crucial to the formulation of the country's doctrine of a civilising mission and to the development of the successive native policies that governed colonial populations – especially the native labour policy that legalised forced labour until the 1960s.

Keywords: Portuguese colonial empire; civilising mission; racialisation; native policies; slavery; forced labour; colonial state

Chapter.  14037 words. 

Subjects: Colonialism and Imperialism

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