in Monstrous Adversary

Published by Liverpool University Press

Published in print August 2003 | ISBN: 9780853236788
Published online June 2013 | e-ISBN: 9781846313592 | DOI:

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This chapter details the decline of Oxford's earldom. At their peak Oxford's estates in Essex, Suffolk, Cambridgeshire, Hertfordshire, Warwickshire, and Buckinghamshire alone yielded a total of 857 separate annual rents. However, between 1562 and 1604, income from the earldom's estates fell from £3500 to £20. With a declining income, Oxford fell increasingly into debt: in 1571, £3500; in 1573, £6000; in 1575, £9000; in 1576, £12,000; in the mid–1580s, £11,000 to the Queen alone; by the 1590s, £21,000 to the Queen alone. By 1592 the Oxford estates were no more.

Keywords: annual rents; earldom; income; Oxford estates

Chapter.  1624 words. 

Subjects: Literary Studies (Poetry and Poets)

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