Chapter

“Up in the Air in More Ways Than One”: The Emergence of Aeronautical Charts in the United States

Ralph E. Ehrenberg

in Cartographies of Travel and Navigation

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print October 2006 | ISBN: 9780226010748
Published online March 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226010786 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7208/chicago/9780226010786.003.0006
“Up in the Air in More Ways Than One”: The Emergence of Aeronautical Charts in the United States

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This chapter examines navigational problems in early aeronautical mapping. Early air pilots had many of the same needs as maritime navigators: an awareness of bearing and speed of travel, knowledge of landmarks and safe havens, and the difficulties of approaching them. Yet since pilots operated almost entirely over land, the charts they developed were initially hybrids of maps intended for ground and maritime travelers. Here, as with maritime mapping, the production of aeronautical charts was originally undertaken by a mixture of private firms, individuals, and governmental agencies. The increasing traffic that followed the commercialization of freight and passenger travel necessitated a shift toward greater governmental control of map standards and production.

Keywords: navigation; aeronautical mapping; air pilots; maps; map standards; government control

Chapter.  20219 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: History of Science and Technology

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