This chapter, which discusses the infrastructure of the new medical service for the indigenous population, the Assistance Médicale (AM), and its context of operation, also determines the specific aspects of French medicine in relation to the variety of indigenous medical practices it confronted. The instability in medical infrastructure was mirrored by instability in personnel assignments. Respect for the role of a Western doctor never materialized among the indigenous population, and salaries remained low while training became more straining. François-Marius Baudoin's acceptance of various Khmer medicines would cause some friction with the AM bureaucracy. His efforts to “localize” Western medicine by incorporating bits of Khmer traditional medicine were blocked by the medical administration. Henri-Charles Gérard's efforts to move medicine in the other direction, by transforming the hospital into a rationalized, depersonalized site of care, were thwarted by the lay population.
Keywords: medical service; indigenous population; Assistance Médicale; French medicine; medical infrastructure; Western doctor; Khmer medicines; François-Marius Baudoin; Henri-Charles Gérard
Chapter. 10977 words. Illustrated.
Subjects: History of Science and Technology
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