Chapter

Effectof Employer Access to Criminal History Data on the Labor Market Outcomes of Ex-Offenders and Non-Offenders

Keith Finlay

in Studies of Labor Market Intermediation

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print December 2009 | ISBN: 9780226032887
Published online February 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226032900 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7208/chicago/9780226032900.003.0004
Effectof Employer Access to Criminal History Data on the Labor Market Outcomes of Ex-Offenders and Non-Offenders

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This chapter examines how expanded employer access to criminal history data influences the labor market outcomes of ex-offenders and nonoffenders. The research design used in this chapter is similar to one used by Autor and Scarborough to study the diffusion of preemployment personality tests at a national retail chain. Looking at a criminal history record positively identifies an individual and describes that person's arrests and subsequent dispositions relating to a criminal event. Because employers have a strong aversion to hiring ex-offenders and because criminal history records have recently become more accessible, it is not surprising that the use of criminal background checks has increased at the same time the number of ex-offenders has increased. Regression estimates indicate that more widely available criminal history data worsens the labor market outcomes of ex-offenders.

Keywords: criminal history record; labor market outcomes; ex-offenders; nonoffenders; preemployment; criminal event

Chapter.  15149 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Econometrics and Mathematical Economics

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