Chapter

Putting the Pieces Together

in Specializing the Courts

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print February 2011 | ISBN: 9780226039541
Published online March 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226039565 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7208/chicago/9780226039565.003.0007
Putting the Pieces Together

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This chapter evaluates why courts in the United States have become more specialized and how specialization has affected the outputs that courts produce. The desirability of judicial specialization and the future of specialized courts in the United States are then investigated. The financial interests of the federal government played a part in creation of the Court of Claims and customs courts at the trial and appellate levels. Diffusion has played a major part in the growth of judicial specialization. Specialized courts are made to serve specific purposes in the areas of legal policy in which they would hold jurisdiction. Specialization can improve efficiency simply by bringing additional resources to the courts. Court systems in the United States will continue to feature a good deal of specialization in the future. That specialization sometimes has powerful effects on the work of the courts.

Keywords: specialized courts; United States; judicial specialization; federal government; Court of Claims; customs courts; jurisdiction

Chapter.  9792 words. 

Subjects: US Politics

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