Chapter

Gender and Assimilation among Mexican Americans

Edited by Francine D. Blau and Lawrence M. Kahn

in Mexican Immigration to the United States

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print June 2007 | ISBN: 9780226066325
Published online February 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226066684 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7208/chicago/9780226066684.003.0003
Gender and Assimilation among Mexican Americans

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This chapter examines the assimilation of Mexican immigrants in the U.S. labor market. It studies the relation between gender and assimilation in labor supply and wages, both within and across generations. It shows that there is a much more traditional gender division of labor in the family in Mexico than among Mexican immigrants in the United States, with women in Mexico having considerably lower labor force participation and higher fertility than their ethnic counterparts in the United States. It documents a dramatic rate of assimilation in the labor supply of Mexican immigrant women. After twenty years in the United States, the very large initial differences in female labor supply between Mexican women and other women have been virtually eliminated. Further, the labor supply gap remains small in the second and third generations.

Keywords: Mexican immigrants; labor market; gender; labor supply; labor force participation; immigrant women

Chapter.  19047 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: International Economics

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