Chapter

Rival Ideologies of Science

in Science for All

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print October 2009 | ISBN: 9780226068633
Published online March 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226068664 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7208/chicago/9780226068664.003.0002
Rival Ideologies of Science

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Publishers and authors—including scientists—usually hoped to make money from popular science literature, but most of the authors also had deeper motivations. Some scientists felt that it was important that the public was informed about science by people who knew what was really going on. But while scientists and science writers were genuinely enthusiastic about their subject, they had deeper reasons for wanting to promote science both to those with political and social influence, and to the public at large. By the early decades of the century, the scientific community in Britain was already highly professionalized and was expanding rapidly, especially in those areas in which science could be applied to technological development. Yet scientists still argued that the country did not provide enough support for science, in part because the governing class did not appreciate the subject. This chapter, which examines the debates about science in nineteenth-century Britain and its implications for discovery as well as religion, also discusses applied and subversive science.

Keywords: Britain; science; scientists; popular science; subversive science; applied science; discovery; religion; public

Chapter.  6893 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: History of Science and Technology

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