Byzantium and the Pagan Myths

in How Philosophers Saved Myths

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print December 2004 | ISBN: 9780226075358
Published online March 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226075389 | DOI:
Byzantium and the Pagan Myths

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This chapter gives an outline about the obstinately truthful Byzantine society, which is a model of the culture of antiquity. Its fondness did suffer blows from the economic, social, and political crises affecting the Roman Empire which resulted in the punishment of the Pagan-oriented renaissances. The Christian empire did not want to put advanced education to a religious mold. However, the closure of the Neoplatonic School of Athens by Justinian in A.D. 529 was linked to the struggle of state Christianity against militant paganism. The Byzantine world preserved the Greek culture it had inherited and was quite concerned to do so untill the end. This chapter summarizes the types of interpretation carried out by Byzantine, including the interpretation of the moral, physical, and historical types of Stoic inspiration by grammarians such as Eustathius and Tzetzes. It also looks at Neoplatonic inspired mysterical interpretation by philosophers such as Psellus.

Keywords: Byzantine society; culture of antiquity; Pagan; Neoplatonic School of Athens; Psellus; Roman Empire; Stoic inspiration

Chapter.  7633 words. 

Subjects: Classical Philosophy

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