The Western Middle Ages

in How Philosophers Saved Myths

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print December 2004 | ISBN: 9780226075358
Published online March 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226075389 | DOI:
The Western Middle Ages

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This chapter provides a description about the Western Middle Ages that went through changes under the influence of various interpretations and currents of thought that made their survival possible. During the course of the Middle Ages Greco-Roman mythology survived on several levels, especially the level of folklore, art, and classical culture. During the Middle Ages also the gods of antiquity survived in classical culture and the fine arts by virtue of interpretations of their origin, names, and nature that had been developed during the classical age. Myth interpretation is grouped into three forms of Stoic inspiration, that is, euhemerism, physical interpretation, and moral interpretation, all of which were practiced during the Middle Ages. By the end of the Middle Ages, the two traditions of the visual and the literary led to a profound alteration of the classical forms of the gods.

Keywords: Western Middle Ages; Greco-Roman mythology; gods; myth; traditions; visual; literary

Chapter.  3977 words. 

Subjects: Classical Philosophy

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