Professional Canon Lawyers: Advocates and Proctors

in The Medieval Origins of the Legal Profession

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print May 2008 | ISBN: 9780226077598
Published online March 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226077611 | DOI:
Professional Canon Lawyers: Advocates and Proctors

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  • Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500)


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By the beginning of the fourteenth century, lawyers turn up everywhere in contemporary documents. This is no doubt partly an artifact of the records, since activities that involved advocates, proctors, judges, and notaries produced enormous masses of written matter. The great majority of all surviving medieval records are in fact legal documents of one sort or another. While their prominence in the records may give an exaggerated impression of their ubiquity, professional lawyers, judges, and notaries constituted a substantial and prosperous element within most late medieval towns and cities whose population records have been studied. Papal courts and tribunals required the services of substantial numbers of trained lawyers, as did administrative offices, where they were commonly deemed more flexible and tactful than theologians.

Keywords: lawyers; advocates; proctors; judges; notaries; papal courts; tribunals; theologians

Chapter.  12154 words. 

Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500)

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