Chapter

Bypassing Accident Proneness with Engineering

in Accident Prone

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print June 2009 | ISBN: 9780226081175
Published online March 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226081199 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7208/chicago/9780226081199.003.0011
Bypassing Accident Proneness with Engineering

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This chapter addresses how people concerned with traumatic injury and safety found it so natural, as they were abandoning accident proneness, to turn instead to using engineering to meet the social problem of accidents. With the idea of accident proneness, experts could associate some or many of the injuries and errors with people who showed a pattern of causing trouble. The strategies to avoid the idea of accident proneness are elaborated. Cognitive psychology brought optimism into the safety movement, as well as offering a new approach to understanding why accidents happen. The engineering approach to safety problems that ultimately rendered the idea of accident proneness is then reported. Even as engineering continued to be the dominant approach to controlling accidents, officials in government, business, and nonprofit entities persisted in their traditional programs of education and discipline.

Keywords: cognitive psychology; safety movement; engineering; education; traumatic injury; errors

Chapter.  8986 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: History of Science and Technology

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