Mobility and Joblessness

Edited by Paul Gregg, Stephen Machin and Alan Manning

in Seeking a Premier Economy

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print July 2004 | ISBN: 9780226092843
Published online February 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226092904 | DOI:
Mobility and Joblessness

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This chapter presents evidence on the extent of regional inequalities in the United Kingdom and whether they have worsened over time. It shows that the country has been successful in creating an integrated national labor market for graduates and argues that the key to understanding how we can reduce regional inequalities lies, in part, in understanding the differences between the graduate and non-graduate labor markets. It also reveals that regional migration rates are much higher for graduates than the less educated and that this is likely to be the main reason why the graduate labor market is more integrated. Graduates are less likely to take a first job in their parental region if they moved away to college. The chapter considers the determinants of residential mobility, including housing tenure. Using census data from 1981 and 1991, it shows that there was little change in the distribution of unemployment and non-employment rates across neighborhoods. It also considers one of the biggest changes to affect neighborhoods during the period: the sale of council houses.

Keywords: residential mobility; unemployment; United Kingdom; regional inequalities; migration; labor market; housing tenure; council houses

Chapter.  13946 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: International Economics

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