The Environmental Regime in Developing Countries

Raghbendra Jha and John Whalley

in Behavioral and Distributional Effects of Environmental Policy

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print December 2000 | ISBN: 9780226094816
Published online February 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226094809 | DOI:
The Environmental Regime in Developing Countries

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This chapter explores the environmental regime in developing countries, focusing on the direct effects of industrial emissions, the impacts of untreated waste (industrial and human) on air and water quality, congestion effects of traffic, soil erosion, and open-access resource problems (including forests). It looks at the many difficulties involved with adequately characterizing this regime, not the least of which is the heterogeneity across both environmental problems and policy responses in the developing world. Enforcement and compliance (which are typically lax in developing countries) also play a central role in defining this regime. The chapter argues that there is a tendency in much of the literature of the last few years to equate environmental problems in developing countries with pollutants (or emissions). It also discusses the relationship among growth, environmental policy reform, and environmental quality. Finally, it contends that the welfare gains from moving to full internationalization would seem to be the more appropriate comparative measure of the severity of environmental problems across countries (or changes over time).

Keywords: environmental regime; developing countries; industrial emissions; environmental quality; pollutants; welfare; internationalization; environmental problems; environmental policy; soil erosion

Chapter.  13767 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Economic Development and Growth

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