Chapter

Indian Higher Education

Devesh Kapur

in American Universities in a Global Market

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print June 2010 | ISBN: 9780226110448
Published online February 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226110455 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7208/chicago/9780226110455.003.0010
Indian Higher Education

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This chapter, which outlines the principal characteristics of Indian higher education and its recent rapid growth, especially the number of students and institutions, the fields of study, and the sources of supply, focuses on the key challenges facing Indian higher education resulting from a massive increase in the demand for higher education. It then analyzes the reasons for the quality deterioration despite India's robust growth and a legacy of one of the better higher education systems in developing countries. There are numerous studies that detail both the need for better higher education in the country and the challenges in recruiting a scientifically competent workforce. Various indicators employed to study the quality of higher education in India, such as research output, infrastructure, and placement of graduates, point to the need for reform in the higher education, public, and private sectors. India's knowledge needs in areas with large public goods pay offs, in social sciences and a host of basic sciences, be it climate change, health economics, infectious diseases, or agricultural technologies, are woefully neglected. The future of India's higher education system will have considerable effects on the US higher education system given that students from India constitute the largest number of foreign students in the United States.

Keywords: Indian higher education; quality deterioration; challenges; foreign students; developing countries

Chapter.  12336 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: International Economics

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