In the Stream of the World

in Vienna in the Age of Uncertainty

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print August 2007 | ISBN: 9780226111728
Published online March 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226111780 | DOI:
In the Stream of the World

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This chapter describes the reform of the education system. Count Thun and his collaborators revised the Gymnasium curriculum to focus more on natural science and mathematics. They also transformed the universities from professional training schools into research institutes on the Prussian model, with a large measure of self-government and intellectual freedom. The post-1848 Gymnasium showed how an individual imposed order on experience by means of the constructive faculties of attention and memory. The Exners' utopian vision of their new life as a family reflected a “silent revolution” on a much larger scale. Adolf Exner's years in Zurich did not extinguish his sympathy for democracy entirely. His inaugural speech justified the authority of an educated elite against the bureaucratic machinery of a centralized state. Four years after his inauguration at Zurich, Exner received an even more prestigious invitation—to succeed Rudolf Jhering as professor of Roman law at the University of Kiel.

Keywords: education system; Gymnasium; Adolf Exner; Zurich; democracy; Prussian model

Chapter.  10821 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: History of Science and Technology

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