Chapter

The Irreplaceable Eye

in Vienna in the Age of Uncertainty

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print August 2007 | ISBN: 9780226111728
Published online March 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226111780 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7208/chicago/9780226111780.003.0010
The Irreplaceable Eye

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This chapter investigates the color culture in Vienna during 1914–1926. “Memory images” were to be Brunnwinkl's source of continuity and cohesion, as Adolf Exner had foreseen at the colony's founding. Research on color was a response to wartime conditions. The First World War was a watershed for the study of sensory illusions and malfunctions. Stimulated by the perceptual disruptions of wartime, Erwin Schrödinger and Fritz Kohlrausch took up the science of color. Color naming was one of Ludwig Wittgenstein's primary examples of a “language game.” The new science of color proved well suited to the needs of Austria's arts and crafts movement. Debora Silverman has shown that the art nouveau movement in fin-de-siècle France was characterized by a similar convergence of the ideals of self-expression and national unity.

Keywords: color culture; Vienna; Adolf Exner; wartime; Erwin Schrödinger; Fritz Kohlrausch; Ludwig Wittgenstein; Austria; Debora Silverman

Chapter.  13314 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: History of Science and Technology

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